Cultural Landscape

For centuries, American Indian tribes, the original settlers of the landscape, considered the Escarpment a sacred place. Whether used for settlement, as a guide for travelling, or for religious purposes, it was a revered and important element of these cultures. Evidence is provided through archeological and historical research as well as the existence of ancient petroglyphs, petroforms, and Woodland Period burial mounds.

The Escarpment corridor also has significant historic sites, some dating back to Paleo-Indian times (10-12,000 years ago). More modern historic structures such as lime kilns, cemeteries, and churches exist and are important as well.

In the 1800’s, the escarpment was (and still is) an important source of stone for building, lime production and road construction.  Numerous lime kilns are scattered across the corridor and provide a reminder of the escarpment’s role in the development of its early settlements and cities, including their economy.